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Correlation Does Not Equal Causation

September 24th, 2009

Correlation Does Not Equal Causation

classification : informal – non causa pro causa

Correlation does not equal causation is a quip that expresses the logical fallacy involved in the dichotomy between events that merely have a tendency to occur together, versus sequences of events that are actually causal.

Foundations

Correlation proves causation, is a logical fallacy by which two events that occur together are claimed to have a cause-and-effect relationship also known as cum hoc ergo propter hoc (“with this, therefore because of this”) and false cause. By contrast, the fallacy post hoc ergo propter hoc requires that one event occur before the other and so may be considered a type of cum hoc.

Examples

Categories: Logic
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